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About Environmental Evidence

This page includes information about the aims and scope of Environmental Evidence, editorial policies, open access and article-processing charges, the peer review process and other information. For details of how to prepare and submit a manuscript through the online submission system, please see the instructions for authors.

Aims & scope

Environmental Evidence facilitates rapid publication of systematic reviews and evidence syntheses on the effectiveness of environmental management interventions and on the impact of human activities on the environment.

Environmental management is now a mainstream political activity with major resources being committed to growing challenges related to climate change, natural resources, ecosystem services and human wellbeing. Despite the large and rapidly increasing amounts of primary environmental research, the potential of the data to address questions of concern to policy makers and managers has not been fully realised. The Collaboration for Environmental Evidence (CEE) promotes and facilitates the conduct of systematic reviews and synthesis of evidence, and seeks to make this information more accessible to all.

Objective use of science to inform policy is a major aim and to that end we also publish policy briefs based on systematic reviews and systematic mapping of evidence. We also wish to encourage improvements in evidence synthesis methodology and encourage submissions that promise advances in this field.

Our scope covers all forms of environmental management and environmental impacts and therefore spans the natural and social sciences.

Open access

All articles published by Environmental Evidence are made freely and permanently accessible online immediately upon publication, without subscription charges or registration barriers. Further information about open access can be found here.

Authors of articles published in Environmental Evidence are the copyright holders of their articles and have granted to any third party, in advance and in perpetuity, the right to use, reproduce or disseminate the article, according to the BioMed Central copyright and license agreement.

For authors who are US government employees or are prevented from being copyright holders for similar reasons, BioMed Central can accommodate non-standard copyright lines. Please contact us if further information is needed.

Article-processing charges

Open access publishing is not without costs. Environmental Evidence therefore levies an article-processing charge of £1440/$2255/€1835 for each article accepted for publication. If the corresponding author's institution is a Member, the cost of the article-processing charge is covered by the membership, and no further charge is payable. In the case of authors whose institutions are Supporter Members, however, a discounted article-processing charge is payable by the author. We routinely waive charges for authors from low-income countries. For other countries, article-processing charge waivers or discounts are granted on a case-by-case basis to authors with insufficient funds. Authors can request a waiver or discount during the submission process. For further details, see our article-processing charge page.

Indexing services

BioMed Central is working closely with Thomson Reuters (ISI) to ensure that citation analysis of articles published in Environmental Evidence will be available.

Publication and peer review process

Environmental Evidence facilitates rapid publication of systematic reviews and evidence syntheses on the effectiveness of environmental management interventions and on the impact of human activities on the environment. Objective use of science to inform policy is a major aim and to that end we also publish policy briefs based on systematic reviews and systematic mapping of evidence. We also wish to encourage improvements in evidence synthesis methodology and encourage submissions that promise advances in this field.

Environmental Evidence considers the following article types:

  • Commentaries - short, focussed and opinionated articles on any subject within the scope of the journal. These articles are usually related to a contemporary issue, such as recent research findings.
  • Letters to the Editor - they can take three forms: a substantial re-analysis of a previously published article, or a substantial response to such a re-analysis from the authors of the original publication, or an article that may not cover 'standard research' but that may be relevant to readers.
  • Methodology - methodology article articles should present new advances in a method, test or procedure relevant to systematic review and evidence synthesis. Subjects can range from a new method for data synthesis through to case studies of processes where systematic reviews and evidence syntheses have been used at the science-policy interface. The method described may either be completely new, or may offer a better version of an existing method. The article must describe a demonstrable advance on what is currently available. The method needs to have been well tested and ideally, but not necessarily, used in a way that proves its value. Please note the title should include the aspect of methodology to which the manuscript relates.
  • Systematic review protocols - protocols set out the plans for the conduct of systematic reviews or systematic maps. They are a requirement of the Collaboration for Environmental Evidence reviews and should be submitted in advance of conducting the review.
  • Systematic reviews - a systematic review is a review of evidence relevant to a clearly formulated question that uses systematic and explicit methods to identify, select and critically appraise relevant research, and to collect and analyse data from the studies that are included within the review. All systematic reviews submitted to this journal should normally have had their protocols submitted and approved through the CEE process. Please contact the Editors at an early stage of planning your review. Full guidelines can be accessed here. For systematic reviews to be relevant to policy and practice they need to be as up-to-date as possible. Consequently, at the time of acceptance for publication, the search must be less than two years old. We therefore recommend that systematic reviews should be submitted no later than 18 months after the search was conducted. We will consider publication of updates of existing systematic reviews, typically from three years since the original search, but earlier if the development of the evidence base justifies the update.

Presubmission Enquiries

We strongly encourage you to contact the Editors with a presubmission enquiry about the suitability of your manuscript. Please email the Editors who will respond to your enquiry as soon as possible.

Authors will be able to check the progress of their manuscript through the submission system at any time by logging into My Environmental Evidence, a personalized section of the site.


High-quality, bound reprints can be purchased for all articles published. Please see our reprints website for further information about ordering reprints.


Environmental Evidence will consider supplements based on proceedings (full articles or meeting abstracts), reviews or research. All articles submitted for publication in supplements are subject to peer review. Published supplements are fully searchable and freely accessible online and can also be produced in print. For further information, please contact us.

Editorial policies

All manuscripts submitted to Environmental Evidence should adhere to BioMed Central's editorial policies.

Citing articles in Environmental Evidence

Articles in Environmental Evidence should be cited in the same way as articles in a traditional journal. Because articles are not printed, they do not have page numbers; instead, they are given a unique article number.

Article citations follow this format:

Authors: Title. Environ Evid [year], [volume number]:[article number].

e.g. Domedarius WE, Bactrician BU, Boson IB, Taurustic ME: The role of livestock in human identity and family naming practices. Environ Evid 2009, 1:115.

Why publish your article in Environmental Evidence?

High visibility

Environmental Evidence's open access policy allows maximum visibility of articles published in the journal as they are available to a wide, global audience. Articles that have been especially highly accessed are highlighted with a 'Highly accessed' graphic, which appears on the journal's contents pages and search results.

Speed of publication

Environmental Evidence offers a fast publication schedule whilst maintaining rigorous peer review; all articles must be submitted online, and peer review is managed fully electronically (articles are distributed in PDF form, which is automatically generated from the submitted files). Articles will be published with their final citation after acceptance, in both fully browsable web form, and as a formatted PDF; the article will then be available through Environmental Evidence and BioMed Central.


Online publication in Environmental Evidence gives authors the opportunity to publish large datasets, large numbers of color illustrations and moving pictures, to display data in a form that can be read directly by other software packages so as to allow readers to manipulate the data for themselves, and to create all relevant links (for example, to PubMed, to sequence and other databases, and to other articles).

Promotion and press coverage

Articles published in Environmental Evidence are included in article alerts and regular email updates. Some may be included in abstract books mailed to academics and are highlighted on Environmental Evidence's pages and on the BioMed Central homepage.

In addition, articles published in Environmental Evidence may be promoted by press releases to the general or scientific press. These activities increase the exposure and number of accesses for articles published in Environmental Evidence. A list of articles recently press-released by journals published by BioMed Central is available here.

Authors of articles published in Environmental Evidence retain the copyright of their articles and are free to reproduce and disseminate their work (for further details, see the BioMed Central copyright policy and license agreement).

For further information about the advantages of publishing in a journal from BioMed Central, please click here.